Category: Anthropometry

A consultation of operational agencies and academic specialists on MUAC and WHZ as indicators of SAM

Summary of meeting report.

Issue 45, May 2013 (page 35)

A proposed new method of estimating weight deficits in children

Summary of paper presented at the Intenational Child Health Meeting on 'Managing Childhood Malnutrition' held in Birmingham.

Issue 4, June 1998 (page 8)

A Role for the Knemometer in Emergencies

Summary of research study.

Issue 2, August 1997 (page 12)

A systematic review of obstacles to treatment of adult undernutrition

This research dissertation reviewed some of the obstacles to treatment of adult undernutrition in adults – particularly in a humanitarian context, where inclusion of adults in nutritional response programmes remains limited.

Issue 44, December 2012 (page 15)

ACC/SCN Working Group on Nutrition in Emergencies

Excerpts from Working Group Report.

Issue 10, July 2000 (page 10)

Algorithms for converting NCHS references

Summary of published research.

Issue 34, October 2008 (page 11)

An investigation of anthropometric training by NGOs

A recent cross-sectional study reported in Field Exchange investigated weighing scales used in emergency nutrition programmes specifically for infants less than six months old.

Issue 32, January 2008 (page 6)

Anthropometry in infants under 6 months in rural Kenya

It is currently estimated that worldwide 8.5 million infants under 6 months are wasted. In poor communities, low rates of exclusive breastfeeding and the introduction of mixed feeding before the age of 3 months expose infants <6 months to risks of microbial contamination and malnutrition.

Issue 44, December 2012 (page 26)

Assessing nutritional status using armspan measurement

Summary of published paper.

Issue 17, November 2002 (page 7)

Assessment of adult malnutrition

Assessment of Adult Malnutrition was the subject of a special meeting held during the SCN’s 28th session in Nairobi in April 2001.

Issue 13, August 2001 (page 11)

Assessment of agreement between a new electronic scale and mechanical suspended scale for measurement of children’s weight in Ethiopia

Mechanical spring suspended scales (e.g. Salter model 235-6S) are commonly used for measurement of weight in children under five years of age in many developing Countries.

Issue 45, May 2013 (page 27)

Can anthropometry measure gender discrimination?

Summary of published research.

Issue 35, March 2009 (page 11)

Can height-adjusted cut-offs improve MUAC’s utility as an assessment tool?

This field article looks at the relationship between MUAC and WH and finding that MUAC correlated most closely with W/H indices in shorter children, suggests the possibility of height specific MUAC cut-offs, distinguishing between assessment and screening.

Issue 30, April 2007 (page 23)

CMAM in Cambodia – indicators of acute malnutrition for screening

This article from Cambodia shares observed differences in acute malnutrition prevalence between WH and MUAC in national survey and some programming data that run counter to the pattern observed in other regions. The authors go on to discuss programming implications for the interim CMAM guidelines in Cambodia.

Issue 39, September 2010 (page 47)

Comparison of Weight-for-Height Based Indices for Assessing the Risk of Death

Summary of Published Paper.

Issue 2, August 1997 (page 15)

Demystifying Z-scores: feedback needed on a new weight-for-height slide chart

Many readers of Field Exchange will have first hand experience of how challenging field anthropometry can be.

Issue 34, October 2008 (page 19)

Effect of body shape on weight-for-height and MUAC in Ethiopia

Summary of research.

Issue 34, October 2008 (page 12)

Fact sheet on implementation of 2006 WHO Child Growth Standards

The IASC Global Nutrition Cluster and Standing Committee on Nutrition (SCN) Task Force on Assessment, Monitoring, and Evaluation have recently released a fact sheet on the implementation of 2006 WHO Child Growth Standards for emergency nutrition programmes for children aged 6-59 months.

Issue 36, July 2009 (page 15)

Field testing LQAS to assess acute malnutrition prevalence

Summary of published research.

Issue 31, September 2007 (page 5)

Fluctuations in wasting in vulnerable child populations in the Greater Horn of Africa

Summary of research.

Issue 41, August 2011 (page 9)

Humanitarian financing for older people and people with disabilities

Arecent study quantifies the funding provided by donors to meet the humanitarian needs of two of the most vulnerable groups: older people and people with disabilities. It does so by analysing the amount of humanitarian funding targeted at these two groups through the UN Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) and Flash Appeals in 2010 and 2011.

Issue 44, December 2012 (page 16)

Impact of WHO Growth Standards on programme admissions in Niger

Summary of research.

Issue 34, October 2008 (page 7)

Impact of WHO Growth Standards on SAM response to treatment

Summary of published research.

Issue 35, March 2009 (page 17)

Improving patient assessment: The ‘MOYO’ Weight-for-Height Chart

We are pleased to include with this edition of Field Exchange, a complementary copy of the ‘MOYO chart’. Named after the MOYO1 Nutrition Ward, Blantyre, Malawi where it was originally developed, this is a low cost job aid that helps health workers correctly assess and interpret a child’s weight-for-height.

Issue 42, January 2012 (page 55)

Letter on practically using z scores in Angola, by Saskia van der Kam

I have the following comments to make about the article "The practical implications of using Z-scores: CONCERN's experience in Angola" (Field Exchange, Issue 1, May '97).

Issue 2, August 1997 (page 8)

Letter on using MUAC v weight-for-height in assessment, by Mark Myatt

Letter from University College London.

Issue 31, September 2007 (page 20)

Maternal depression and infant growth – review of recent evidence

recent paper reviews the research over the last 10 years investigating whether there is an association between maternal depression and infant growth impairment.

Issue 34, October 2008 (page 36)

MUAC and weight-for-height in identifying high risk children

Summary of research.

Issue 42, January 2012 (page 17)

MUAC as discharge criterion and weight gain in malnourished children

Summary of published research.

Issue 45, May 2013 (page 22)

MUAC measurements for assessing adult malnutrition in emergencies

Researchers have recently analysed anthropometric data from nine detailed adult surveys conducted in Asia, Africa and the Pacific and calculated a series of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) cut-off points to allow screening of individual adults under extreme famine conditions.

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 10)

MUAC versus weight-for-height debate in the Philippines

In the 39th issue of Field Exchange, an article was published by Jennifer Carter and Joel Conkle that discussed the differences in prevalence of acute malnutrition in Cambodia determined using either weight-for-height or mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) measurements. In this article, we share similar observations from the Philippines.

Issue 42, January 2012 (page 4)

MUAC Versus Weight-for-Height in Assessing Severe Malnutrition

Summary of published paper.

Issue 26, November 2005 (page 12)

New Reference Data for MUAC for Height Measurements

A published paper.

Issue 3, January 1998 (page 9)

New WHO growth standards

This New WHO Growth Standards for infants and children up to 60 months of age, highlighted in Field Exchange 27, are now available. The standards were developed using data collected in the Multi Centre Growth Reference (MGRS) study.

Issue 28, July 2006 (page 16)

New WHO Growth Standards for 0-5 years

The WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study (MGRS) was undertaken between 1997 and 2003 to generate new growth curves for assessing the growth and development of infants and young children around the world.

Issue 27, March 2006 (page 21)

New WHO Growth Standards: more harm than good?

A recent letter in the LANCET questions whether the new WHO growth standards2, reported in issue 28 of Field Exchange, may do more harm than good.

Issue 30, April 2007 (page 16)

Nutrition and baseline survey of older people in three refugee camps in Dadaab

This short summary of the findings of a nutrition survey conducted by HelpAge International in a refugee population in Kenya lend support to two other pieces in the research section of this issue of Field Exchange where lack of funding for older people caught up in humanitarian crises as well and neglect of the needs of older people amongst displaced populations are highlighted. (Ed).

Issue 44, December 2012 (page 19)

Nutritional status and handgrip strength in older refugees

Summary of research.

Issue 18, March 2003 (page 5)

Piloting LQAS in Somaliland

This article presents a pilot study1 conducted in Somaliland by the UN Food and Agricultural Organisation Food Security Analysis Unit, (FAO/FSAU). It uses the Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS) method to assess the nutritional situation and compares the results to a 30x30 cluster survey conducted simultaneously in the same sample population.

Issue 33, June 2008 (page 27)

Postscript on older people, nutrition in emergencies in Ethiopia

This field article from HelpAge Ethiopia is an excellent example of what can be accomplished in emergency situations by dedicated, skilled professionals.

Issue 14, November 2001 (page 28)

Programme implications for WHO Growth Standards rollout

Summary of research.

Issue 37, November 2009 (page 14)

SQUEAC: Low resource method to evaluate access and coverage of programmes

Centric Systematic Area Sampling (CSAS) was developed to estimate coverage of selective feeding programmes.

Issue 33, June 2008 (page 3)

Supplementation Programmes for Pregnant and Lactating Women.

In emergencies, a marginal or deficient diet for a pregnant or lactating woman has repercussions not only for her own health, but also for the health of the unborn, and the young infant.

Issue 7, July 1999 (page 6)

The Potential Use of Maternal Size in Priority Setting When Combating Childhood Malnutrition

Published paper.

Issue 7, July 1999 (page 10)

The practical implications of using z-scores: Concern's experience in Angola

In children the three most commonly used anthropometric indices are weight for height, height for age and weight for age.

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 6)

Using SLEAC as a wide-area survey method

In 2010, UNICEF approached VALID International Ltd. to design and conduct a national coverage survey of the government-run community based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) programme in Sierra Leone.

Issue 42, January 2012 (page 40)

Weighing scales for young infants: a survey of relief workers

Infants under 6 months are particularly vulnerable in emergencies, usually as a result of inappropriate feeding practices. Interventions to prevent and treat infant malnutrition in emergencies depend on an accurate assessment of infant nutritional status and a prerequisite to weighing is an effective set of weighing scales.

Issue 29, December 2006 (page 12)

WFP Recipients’ Weight Gain at Reach Out Clinic

This report outlines the weight progress of clients attending the Reach Out clinic of Mbuya parish clinic in 2002, who were receiving WFP food (see field article p28).

Issue 25, May 2005 (page 5)

WHO growth reference for children and adolescents

Summary of published research.

Issue 32, January 2008 (page 12)

WHO Growth Standards to assess Indonesian children < 2 years

Summary of published research.

Issue 38, April 2010 (page 15)