Category: Health

A cross-sectoral approach to addressing Konzo in DRC

In November 2009, Action Against Hunger (ACF-USA) launched a 22-month long intervention in the Bandundu province of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to address several factors underlying the Konzo epidemic affecting the population of Kwango district.

Issue 41, August 2011 (page 4)

Analysis of the 1996 Konzo outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo

Summary of published paper.

Issue 17, November 2002 (page 7)

Breastfeeding and Mortality in Emergencies

Summary of published paper.

Issue 21, March 2004 (page 5)

Carbon Dioxide Production in Acutely Ill Malnourished Children

Summary of published paper.

Issue 22, July 2004 (page 9)

Care Practices in Emergencies

The constitution of a sub-group on ‘mental health and care in emergencies’, of the thematic group Nutrition in Emergencies, was validated at the 2004 UN Standing Committee for Nutrition (SCN) meeting in Brasilia.

Issue 26, November 2005 (page 18)

Cellophane bags and clean water: A novel way of producing safe therapeutic milk and ORS?

Most people will have come across cellophane, its the packaging for many sweets, pies and other goodies.

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 10)

Challenges to implementing an integrated emergency public health response

Analysis of the underlying causes of malnutrition have shown it to be a complex process, thus interventions in non-emergency situations have attempted integrated responses by focusing on health, food, agriculture, water, economics, religion, traditional beliefs, social practice and welfare systems.

Issue 11, December 2000 (page 11)

Deworming children at military healthcare facilities in a combat zone: an opportunity not to be missed?

The BMJ published a letter in response to the deworming article above. This letter (summarised below) is written by members of the Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, Birmingham, UK and represents an interesting perspective from medical-military personnel. (Ed).

Issue 45, May 2013 (page 33)

Deworming Debunked

Summary of published article.

Issue 45, May 2013 (page 32)

Diarrhoea risk associated with not breastfeeding in Botswana

Summary of report and presentation.

Issue 29, December 2006 (page 23)

Early initiation of breastfeeding reduces neonatal mortality

Summary of published research.

Issue 28, July 2006 (page 6)

Enhanced Outreach Strategy/ Targeted Supplementary Feeding for Child Survival in Ethiopia (EOS/ TSF)

Ethiopia has one of the highest under five mortality rates of all developing countries, due largely to the combined effect of a high incidence of infectious diseases and inadequate infant and young child nutrition.

Issue 40, February 2011 (page 8)

Feeding without fear

This is a story to illustrate that however experienced you are, there is always the chance that you will find yourself in a situation that you are not prepared for, and that you do not feel qualified to deal with.

Issue 10, July 2000 (page 8)

Food insecurity and mental health among community health volunteers in Ethiopia

Summary of published research.

Issue 40, February 2011 (page 92)

Health Intelligence Network for Advanced Contingency Planning (HINAP)

The Rwanda crisis of 1994, resulting in an estimated 50,000 deaths from cholera amongst refugees in Goma and the subsequent repatriation of over one million refugees back to Rwanda in 1997, have clearly demonstrated the need for advance health information and risk mapping for effective contingency planning for large population movements.

Issue 4, June 1998 (page 19)

High levels of mortality, malnutrition and measles amongst displaced Somali refugees in Dadaab, Kenya

Summary of published research.

Issue 45, May 2013 (page 20)

Household food security and child malaria in Haiti

Summary of published research.

Issue 38, April 2010 (page 7)

IASC Guidance on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in emergencies

The Inter Agency Standing Committee (IASC) has issued Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings: Minimum Responses in the Midst of Emergencies.

Issue 32, January 2008 (page 16)

Impact evaluation of child caring practices project on stunting in Ethiopia

Summary of research.

Issue 45, May 2013 (page 17)

Improved formula for WHO oral rehydration salts

A new improved Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) formula has been developed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and UNICEF.

Issue 28, July 2006 (page 15)

Improved surveillance prevents excess mortality: the Gode experience

Summary of published paper.

Issue 14, November 2001 (page 6)

Increased diarrhoea following infant formula distribution in 2006 earthquake response in Indonesia: evidence and actions

Natural disasters are common in Indonesia. While still recovering from a series of such events, a severe earthquake struck Yogyakarta and Central Java provinces during the morning hours of May 27, 2006.

Issue 34, October 2008 (page 30)

Infant feeding in tsunami affected villages in India

Summary of published research.

Issue 29, December 2006 (page 10)

Infant Feeding Patterns and Risk of Death

Summary of published paper.

Issue 26, November 2005 (page 7)

Infant feeding strategies and PMTCT - Mashi trial from Botswana

Summary of published research.

Issue 29, December 2006 (page 26)

Lessons Learned From Complex Emergencies

Published paper.

Issue 24, March 2005 (page 7)

Letter on nappy (diaper) use in emergencies, by Maggs Mac Guinness

Letters.

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 17)

Management of shigellosis in undernourished children

Summary of published paper.

Issue 13, August 2001 (page 6)

Mental Health among Children in Severe Food Shortage Situations

A paper on the ‘Mental Health and Psychosocial Well–Being among Children in Severe Food Shortage Situations’ has been prepared in a WHO inter-departmental collaboration.

Issue 31, September 2007 (page 15)

Mental health in emergencies

Summary of published papers.

Issue 18, March 2003 (page 8)

Mental health needed for caring capacity

The UNICEF Framework of Underlying Causes of Malnutrition and Mortality identifies three underlying factors that influence nutritional status: food security, mother and childcare, and public health.

Issue 9, March 2000 (page 8)

Mortality risk factors in severelymalnourished children hospitalised with diarrhoea

Summary of published research.

Issue 42, January 2012 (page 13)

Multi-storey gardens to support food security

Addressing food insecurity in resource poor settings is difficult in any context. However, in protracted refugee camp situations, where people are almost entirely dependant on humanitarian assistance, the challenges are even greater.

Issue 29, December 2006 (page 39)

Postscript to 'The risks of wet feeding programmes'

This is a very interesting and clear analysis of a nutrition intervention which experienced an unanticipated cholera epidemic.

Issue 3, January 1998 (page 5)

Public financing of health in developing countries

Summary of published research.

Issue 39, September 2010 (page 23)

Refugee Influx Can Improve Services for Locals

Summary of published paper.

Issue 5, October 1998 (page 8)

Refugee Participation in Camp Health Services

Summary of published report.

Issue 22, July 2004 (page 6)

Scaling up ORS and zinc treatment for diarrhoea reduces mortality

With most countries still not on track to achieve millennium development goal 4 - that of reducing child mortality by two thirds from 1990-2015, a recent editorial in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) highlights the need to tackle the treatment of diarrhoea.

Issue 44, December 2012 (page 30)

The effects of HIV on Botswana’s development progress

This work is a condensed version of a working paper written for the WFP. The author wishes to thank Mr. Arif Hussein & Ms. Joyce Luma at the WFP.

Issue 29, December 2006 (page 24)

The Management of Persistent Diarrhoea and Malnutrition:

Peter Sullivan from the Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford presented a paper on 'the Management of Persistent Diarrhoea and Malnutrition (PDM) at the International Child Health Group Meeting on Managing Childhood Malnutrition: in Birmingham. .

Issue 4, June 1998 (page 10)

The Risks of Wet Feeding Programmes

The author of this article, Steve Collins is a medical doctor. During the autumn of 1996 he was Oxfam's health team leader in Liberia. This article is based upon his experiences during this period, while setting up a wet feeding programme in the village of Vonzula, situated in Grand Cape Mount county of Liberia. It highlights the need for an adequate assessment of the local patterns of disease before establishing wet feeding programmes.

Issue 3, January 1998 (page 4)

Therapeutic challenges and treatment of hypovolaemic shock in severe malnutrition

Summary of proceedings.

Issue 38, April 2010 (page 17)

Top 10 underreported crises in 2006

According to Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), the impact of tuberculosis and the devastation caused by wars in the Central African Republic (CAR) and Chechnya are among the top 10 most under-reported medical emergencies of 2006.

Issue 30, April 2007 (page 17)

UNICEF framework fosters collaboration in Afghanistan

Summary of published report.

Issue 37, November 2009 (page 6)

Voices from the field: Optimising performance for humanitarian workers

A recent study set out to understand how humanitarian workers remain effective in challenging environments while also maintaining personal life balance.

Issue 42, January 2012 (page 14)

WFP Recipients’ Weight Gain at Reach Out Clinic

This report outlines the weight progress of clients attending the Reach Out clinic of Mbuya parish clinic in 2002, who were receiving WFP food (see field article p28).

Issue 25, May 2005 (page 5)