Category: Micronutrient deficiencies

A pellagra epidemic in Kuito, Angola

Angola has been at war for more than 20 years. A second peace process, initiated at the end of 1994 lasted until 1998 when conflict resumed.

Issue 10, July 2000 (page 12)

Acceptability and use of cereal-based foods in refugee camps: case studies from Nepal, Ethiopoa and Tanzania

Outbreaks of scurvy, pellagra and beri beri among refugees in the 1980s caused a public outcry, as many of these more unusual deficiency diseases were thought to have been all but eradicated.

Issue 4, June 1998 (page 9)

Adequacy of Replacement Milks for Infants of HIV-Infected Mothers

Summary of published research.

Issue 22, July 2004 (page 5)

Analysis of the 1996 Konzo outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo

Summary of published paper.

Issue 17, November 2002 (page 7)

Angular stomatitis and riboflavin status

Summary of published paper.

Issue 18, March 2003 (page 8)

Appropriate Vitamin C Fortification Levels for CSB?

Report summary : The Institute of Medicine.

Issue 5, October 1998 (page 6)

Appropriateness of Replacement Milks in South Africa

Summary of published paper.

Issue 23, November 2004 (page 5)

Assessing micronutrient deficiencies in emergencies

Summary of review.

Issue 32, January 2008 (page 10)

Assessing the economic value of fortified foods

Summary of published paper.

Issue 14, November 2001 (page 6)

Critical analysis of MICAH programme

Summary of published research.

Issue 40, February 2011 (page 86)

Diagnosing Beriberi in Emergency Situations

This piece will be most useful to medical professionals - doctors and nurses. However, the article may also be useful for non specialists who need to communicate with medical personal about this deficiency disease.

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 18)

Evaluation of WFP relief operations in Angola

Summary of evaluation.

Issue 29, December 2006 (page 32)

Experiences in addressing malnutrition and anaemia in Gaza

ousehold food security in the Gaza Strip has deteriorated significantly since the inception of the Israeli blockade in June 2007, with extremely severe restrictions on the entry of goods and the virtual halt of movements of Gazan people in and out of the territory.

Issue 38, April 2010 (page 27)

Fortified maize meal improves vitamin A and iron status in refugees

Summary of published field trial.

Issue 33, June 2008 (page 8)

Fortified spreads v CSB in supplementary feeding in Malawi

Summary of published research.

Issue 37, November 2009 (page 10)

Full Recovery means more than Nutritional Recovery

Summary of published paper.

Issue 6, February 1999 (page 9)

Funding to Test Out Camp Level Milling and Fortification Equipment

The World Food Programme (WFP) have just secured funding to implement a pilot study to try out a 'containerised' milling unit at refugee camp level.

Issue 5, October 1998 (page 13)

Grass Pea Consumption and Neurolathyrism

Summary of published paper.

Issue 22, July 2004 (page 5)

Household food security and child malaria in Haiti

Summary of published research.

Issue 38, April 2010 (page 7)

Household-based food fortification for anaemia control in Sudan

This article draws on a report prepared for the Christian Blind Mission International Canada (CBMI) by MI.

Issue 31, September 2007 (page 25)

How to assess and respond to Iraqi refugee needs in Syria

This article shares the challenges of conducting a survey of the health, nutrition and livelihood conditions of Iraqi Refugees living amongst the local population in the North East of Syria.

Issue 39, September 2010 (page 26)

Impact of Dietary Zinc Supplementation on PEM

Summary of published research.

Issue 22, July 2004 (page 8)

In-country Capacity for Food Fortification

The Micronutrient Initiative of Canada commissioned a study which employed a team from the Refugee Policy Group. The study involved, a mission to East Africa to examine how food aid for refugees and other emergency affected populations could be fortified using in-country processes.

Issue 5, October 1998 (page 9)

Integrating anaemia analysis in SMART surveys in Bolivia


Issue 44, December 2012 (page 36)

Iron and vitamin A deficiency in African refugees

Summary of published research.

Issue 28, July 2006 (page 7)

Iron Pots: Not all Good News!

Summary of Published Letter.

Issue 9, March 2000 (page 3)

Joint Statement on micronutrient deficiencies in emergencies

A Joint Statement has been issued by WHO, WFP and UNICEF on preventing and controlling micronutrient deficiencies in populations affected by an emergency.

Issue 32, January 2008 (page 19)

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Study on Offal Consumption among the Somali Population

The livestock sector remains the most important production sector of Somalia, with approximately 3 million animals being exported each year, generating about 40% and 80% of Somalia’s gross domestic product (GDP) and foreign currency earnings respectively.

Issue 41, August 2011 (page 10)

Letter on cooking in iron pots, by Rita Bhatia


Issue 1, May 1997 (page 17)

Letter on micronutrient deficiency management, by Donald McLaren

I was amazed, and greatly disappointed, to read the report of the workshop on Community Based Approaches to Managing Severe Malnutrition, and the piece on this subject in Field Exchange, March 2004, pp 16-19.

Issue 22, July 2004 (page 19)

Letter on micronutrient powders, by Stacia Nordin

In 2004 I attended a presentation on Sprinkles, a micronutrient powder that can be ‘sprinkled’ onto foods.

Issue 25, May 2005 (page 33)

Maternal micronutrient status and decreased infant growth

Summary of published research.

Issue 27, March 2006 (page 12)

Measuring Hunger in the Russian Federation

Summary of published paper.

Issue 6, February 1999 (page 8)

Micronutrient powders v iron-folic acid tablets in controlling anaemia in pregnancy

The major cause of anaemia in pregnancy is iron deficiency, which is preventable. It is estimated that 56% of pregnant women in developing countries and 18% of pregnant women in industrialised countries are anaemic. The prevalence of anaemia during pregnancy in South Asian countries is among the highest in the world.

Issue 44, December 2012 (page 27)

Micronutrients - The Basics

Taken from draft guideline material prepared by Fiona Watson, Institute of Child health, London.

Issue 5, October 1998 (page 26)

Micronutrients Supplementation Can Redress Stunting Up to Six Years of Age

Published research.

Issue 24, March 2005 (page 6)

Modification of Complementary Foods in Zambia

This article is an overview of an ongoing study in Lusaka, Zambia, which is working on modifying complementary (infant) foods with a-amylase. Given the critical need to develop at a local level, palatable, affordable and nutritious complementary foods for HIV positive mothers which allow abrupt weaning following breast-feeding, the initiative described here is an important development. (Ed).

Issue 25, May 2005 (page 11)

More Evidence in Favour of Iron Pots

Published Paper.

Issue 7, July 1999 (page 11)

Neonatal vitamin A supplementation to prevent mortality and morbidity in infancy

Summary of published review.

Issue 36, July 2009 (page 6)

Niacin deficiency and pellagra in Angola

Summary of published research.

Issue 30, April 2007 (page 8)

Outbreak of micronutrient deficiency disease: did we respond appropriately?

Oxfam Great Britain has been working in Kenya since the 1960s, and in Wajir District since the 1980s, implementing relief and long-term development programmes.

Issue 12, April 2001 (page 15)

Persistent Micronutrient Problems among Refugees in Nepal

This article describes nutritional aspect of emergency food aid in Bhutanese refugee camps in Nepal; the author was regional Food & Nutrition co-ordinator for Asia before the current assignment. - Head, Food & Statistical Unit, Programme co-ordination section, DOS, UNHCR, Geneva .

Issue 5, October 1998 (page 4)

Potential of Using QBmix to Prevent Micronutrient Deficiencies in Emergencies

This article describes an assessment by MSF of using a micronutrient- rich food product, QBmix, in Angola and outlines possible strategies for the future in preventing micronutrient deficiency outbreaks in emergency affected populations.

Issue 22, July 2004 (page 12)

Pots and Pans Combat Anaemia!

Summary of published paper.

Issue 5, October 1998 (page 7)

Prevalence of Anaemia Amongst Young Children in Argentina

This field article outlines the results of a nutritional study carried out by ACH in Argentina, which highlights how anaemia remains a public health issue, impacting on intellectual development in school age children.

Issue 26, November 2005 (page 17)

Production of Pre-cooked Fortified Blended Foods in Kenya: A Success Story

The use of supplementary blended foods has been common in emergency situations for a number of years. The use of such foods has given rise to much debate involving health care workers, nutritionists, logisticians, donors and administrators.

Issue 2, August 1997 (page 6)

Promoting Good Nutrition and Food Security in the Gaza Strip

The Gaza strip lies on the Mediterranean Coast between Egypt and Israel. It has an area of 360 square kilometres and just under one million (Palestinian) inhabitants, over 50% of whom are under 15 years of age.

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 12)

Recurrent pellagra in Angola

Summary of report.

Issue 15, April 2002 (page 6)

Reduce Scurvy Risk through Germination!

Summary of published paper.

Issue 5, October 1998 (page 9)

Scaling up ORS and zinc treatment for diarrhoea reduces mortality

With most countries still not on track to achieve millennium development goal 4 - that of reducing child mortality by two thirds from 1990-2015, a recent editorial in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) highlights the need to tackle the treatment of diarrhoea.

Issue 44, December 2012 (page 30)

Scurvy outbreak and erosion of livelihoods masked by low wasting levels in drought affected Northern Afghanistan

Kohistan is one of the most remote districts of Faryab Province in Afghanistan. It is in the south of the province bordering Badghis and Ghor provinces and is an eight-hour car journey from the provincial capital of Maimana to the district capital Bandar.

Issue 13, August 2001 (page 14)

Scurvy outbreak in Afghanistan: an investigation by Action Contre la Faim (ACF) and WHO

Taywara district is located in the south of Ghor province, Western Afghanistan. The area is mountainous and access between the main town, Taywara Centre, and the villages is very limited.

Issue 17, November 2002 (page 28)

Should Iron Supplementation be Daily or Weekly?

Two published papers.

Issue 3, January 1998 (page 7)

Simulation model to estimate micronutrient levels in fortified blended foods

Summary of published research.

Issue 39, September 2010 (page 18)

Suspected Thiamine Deficiency in Angola

This article describes MSF-Spain’s field experience in the detection and management of a suspected outbreak of beriberi in Angola.

Issue 20, November 2003 (page 26)

The Measurement of Micronutrient Deficiencies - A Long Way to Go

Analysis of the micronutrient status of populations affected by natural and complex nutritional emergencies poses special problems.

Issue 5, October 1998 (page 13)

The Nutrition Situation of Refugees and Displaced Persons

The quarterly 'Reports on the Nutrition Situation of Refugees and Displaced Populations' (RNIS) are compiled and published by the ACC/Sub-Committee on Nutrition (ACC/SCN) based in Geneva.

Issue 2, August 1997 (page 13)

The use and acceptability of micronutrient enriched foods

Emergency general rations supplied by the international aid community have frequently failed to supply adequate amounts of micro- nutrients for refugees and Internally Displaced People (IDP).

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 11)

There is probably no single universal solution to the problem of scurvy

Stated a recent review of interventions to prevent scurvy occurring amongst refugees and other emergency affected populations.

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 10)

Thiamin Deficiency and Malaria in Adults from Southeast Asia

Published Paper.

Issue 7, July 1999 (page 9)

Thiamine Deficiency and its Prevention and Control in Major Emergencies

Review in progress .

Issue 3, January 1998 (page 8)

Towards the Overdue Elimination of Deficiency Disease Epidemics

Nutritional deficiency epidemics are all highly predictable. Softwares are now available to flag nutrients missing in a ration, making epidemic prediction easy. Indeed, there is no excuse for being taken by surprise by a deficiency disease epidemic.

Issue 21, March 2004 (page 14)

Use of case definitions and awareness of micronutrient deficiencies

Summary of Unpublished Study.

Issue 16, August 2002 (page 6)

Use of LNS to improve food rations in emergencies

Summary of review.

Issue 37, November 2009 (page 11)

Vitamin A Supplementation in Treatment for Acute Shigellosis

Summary of published paper.

Issue 4, June 1998 (page 10)

WFP pilot study on community level fortification mills

A pilot study to investigate the feasibility of expanding small-scale milling operations is being supported by WFP in Bangladesh.

Issue 13, August 2001 (page 10)

Women’s Contributions to Reducing Micronutrient Deficiencies

Summary of published research.

Issue 20, November 2003 (page 10)