Category: Targeting

A cash for work programme in Uganda

Summary of a mid-term review.

Issue 13, August 2001 (page 21)

A proposed new method of estimating weight deficits in children

Summary of paper presented at the Intenational Child Health Meeting on 'Managing Childhood Malnutrition' held in Birmingham.

Issue 4, June 1998 (page 8)

Addressing the nutritional needs of older people in emergency situations: ideas for action

Summary of Report.

Issue 12, April 2001 (page 3)

Angola Agricultural Programmes

An ICRC Evaluation.

Issue 5, October 1998 (page 23)

Assessment of community based targeting from a gender perspective

Published paper.

Issue 12, April 2001 (page 5)

Bahr-el-Ghazal Nutritionists Meet

Nutritionists from six NGOs working in Bahr-El-Ghazal, South Sudan, met in Lokichoggio in August 1998 to act on their mounting concern over the management of nutrition responses to the current crisis.

Issue 5, October 1998 (page 15)

Better Practice in Targeted Food Assistance

Summary of published report.

Issue 25, May 2005 (page 12)

Better understanding vulnerability in Serbia

This field article describes ACF’s experiences1 in Serbia where vulnerability assessment findings were used to inform, and hopefully influence, activities and social policy at a local and national level in Serbia.

Issue 19, July 2003 (page 30)

Challenges for humanitarian response in Kosovo

The tragic events leading to the expulsion of 800,000 Albanian Kosovars between March and June 1999 during the Nato air-campaign are well known.

Issue 8, November 1999 (page 15)

Community - based targeting in Kenya

Summary of evaluation.

Issue 19, July 2003 (page 18)

Community Based Targeting in Myanmar

A key component of the WFP programme in Myanmar has been community based targeting (CBT) as part of the vulnerable group feeding (VGF).

Issue 26, November 2005 (page 26)

Community Managed Targeting of Emergency Food Aid: Does it Ever Work?

As food aid budgets shrink, the concern to make sure that food aid is utilised by those who most need it is a legitimate one, and there is much ink spilt in trying to make sure that there is a rational, demonstrable and repeatable way of targeting food to the needy and distributing it in an equitable way.

Issue 7, July 1999 (page 18)

Community Managed Targeting – Tanzania

DFID commissioned an evaluation of the community–managed targeting programme in Singida and Dodoma regions of Central Tanzania in May 1999.

Issue 7, July 1999 (page 20)

Community participation in targeting in South Sudan

Summary of research.

Issue 34, October 2008 (page 6)

Community Supplementary Feeding Programme (CSFP) Evaluation in Zimbabwe

The first Field Exchange carried an article about the CSFP in Zimbabwe: Nutrition in commercial farms; finding the right plaster for the wound. Since then the findings of a MOH/UNICEF evaluation of the programme between 1995-6 following the severe drought of 1994-5, have been published. Before summarising these findings a brief description of this programme is in order. .

Issue 2, August 1997 (page 22)

Compliance problems with vitamin pill distributions

Unpublished report.

Issue 10, July 2000 (page 6)

Conclusions to 'Targeting Food Aid in Emergencies' (Special Supplement 1)

The operational contexts for ‘within geographical area targeting’ are limited. This supplement has focused on targeting food aid in emergencies within geographical areas.

Supplement 1, July 2004 (page 29)

Crop failure in Dalocha, Ethiopia: a Participatory Emergency Response:

Howell. P (1998), Disasters, Volume 22, No 1, March 1998, pp57-76 The following is a summary of a paper recently published in Disasters. The views expressed are those of the author. .

Issue 4, June 1998 (page 7)

Determining eligibility (Special Supplement 1)

Eligibility criteria, i.e. the characteristics of those individuals or households to be targeted with food, arise from the objectives. Clearly, if an objective is to meet the needs of a group of individuals or households which are thought to require a certain quantity and quality of food, then the eligibility criteria must specify the characteristics of these individuals or households.

Supplement 1, July 2004 (page 11)

Development of Kenya Food Security Coordination System (KFSCS)


Issue 12, April 2001 (page 28)

Distributing food (Special Supplement 1)

Food may be distributed in many different ways but the method of distribution will, to a large extent, depend on the eligible groups and the method for identifying them. Distribution points may be developed using existing buildings, e.g. health centres, schools.

Supplement 1, July 2004 (page 17)

Emergency Supplementary Feeding

Supplementary Feeding Programmes (SFPs) are amongst the oldest and most common type of nutritional intervention in developing countries. The main aim of SFPs in both emergency and non-emergency situations is to prevent mortality due to malnutrition amongst groups who are considered to be most at risk.

Issue 2, August 1997 (page 3)

ENN led Management of Acute Malnutrition in Infants (MAMI) Project

Funded by the UNICEF led Interagency Standing Committee (IASC) Nutrition Cluster, the ENN is planning a review in 2008 of the field management of acutely malnourished infants under six months of age.

Issue 32, January 2008 (page 21)

Evaluation of Dafur Early Warning and Food Information System

Summary of evaluation.

Issue 28, July 2006 (page 20)

Evaluation of WFP relief operations in Angola

Summary of evaluation.

Issue 29, December 2006 (page 32)

Exit strategies in OVC programming in Namibia

ENN recently visited several collaborative FAO-WFP programmes in Swaziland and the Caprivi region of north-eastern Namibia – both share some of the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS (42.6% in Swaziland, 40% in Namibia). In both countries, FAO and WFP became involved through emergency operations (EMOPs).

Issue 29, December 2006 (page 16)

Food aid targeting in East Africa

Consultancy Report.

Issue 8, November 1999 (page 9)

Food aid targeting in Ethiopia

Summary of published paper.

Issue 8, November 1999 (page 6)

HIV/AIDS and Food Security in Malawi

Malawi, a land-locked country in southern Africa that is prone to food shortages, is bearing the full brunt of the African HIV/AIDS pandemic, while also struggling to strengthen its democratic institutions after 30 years under an extremely repressive dictatorial regime.

Issue 25, May 2005 (page 37)

How many Hok does a poor man have?

A civil war has been raging in Sudan for over 17 years since 1983 with fighting between the Government of Sudan in the North and various rebel factions in the South.

Issue 11, December 2000 (page 8)

Impact of WHO Growth Standards on programme admissions in Niger

Summary of research.

Issue 34, October 2008 (page 7)

Income generation in Guinea Conakry (Special Supplement 3)

Since the 1990s, Liberia, Sierra Leone and later on the Ivory Coast, have been embroiled in conflict. This has led to a mass exodus of refugees to neighbouring countries, particularly Guinea, which has received 150,000 people.

Supplement 3, March 2006 (page 33)

Integrating CTC and HIV/AIDS Support in Malawi

This article describes the research findings1 of the first phase of a two-part study in Malawi by Valid International, which is exploring how existing CTC programmes can be adapted in the context of HIV/AIDS.

Issue 25, May 2005 (page 7)

Interagency meeting looks at Emergency Selective Feeding Programmes

The Minister of State for Foreign affairs, Joan Burton, recently opened a meeting on 'Emergency Selective Feeding Programmes' in Dublin.

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 14)

Introduction (Special Supplement 1)

This supplement is intended to provide guidance on the design of food targeting systems in emergencies.

Supplement 1, July 2004 (page 4)

Is Targeting of Food Aid Directly to Women Based on Gender Roles an Appropriate Response?

Lessons from Southern Sudan.

Issue 6, February 1999 (page 22)

Kakuma Revisited

I would like to comment on the article "Household Food Economy Assessment in Kakuma Refugee Camp" (Field Exchange, Issue 1, May 97).

Issue 3, January 1998 (page 20)

Keeping schools open: school feeding in conflict and crisis

Summary of published paper.

Issue 17, November 2002 (page 10)

Kosovo Evaluation

During 1998 and early 1999 the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbian) forces increased their efforts to ‘ethnically cleanse’ Kosovo.

Issue 11, December 2000 (page 24)

Learning about Exit Strategies in Southern Africa

The topic of ‘Exit Strategies’ confounds and eludes emergency and development practitioners alike.

Issue 27, March 2006 (page 32)

Lessons learnt from the 1998 Bangladesh floods

Bangladesh experienced the worst flood of the century between July - October 1998. Some 30 million persons were affected by the crisis.

Issue 11, December 2000 (page 19)

Lessons on Cash for Work in Somalia

Summary of published research.

Issue 29, December 2006 (page 11)

Letter on 'silent emergency' in India, by Rita Bhatia


Issue 5, October 1998 (page 19)

Letter on practically using z scores in Angola, by Saskia van der Kam

I have the following comments to make about the article "The practical implications of using Z-scores: CONCERN's experience in Angola" (Field Exchange, Issue 1, May '97).

Issue 2, August 1997 (page 8)

Letter on targeting food aid, by Anna Taylor

The targeting of food aid is widely assumed to be the most effective and efficient way of ensuring that the limited food aid resources available in emergencies reach those who need them most.

Issue 22, July 2004 (page 19)

Micro-credit in refugee situations

Summary of published research.

Issue 35, March 2009 (page 12)

Nutrition in Commercial Farms Finding the right plaster for the wound

Children living in Large Scale Commercial Farms in Zimbabwe, most of which are owned by white farmers, have higher rates of undernutrition than children living in communal areas.

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 15)

Older people, nutrition and emergencies in Ethiopia

This article highlights HelpAge International’s work in researching and promoting the needs of older people in emergencies and in developing tools for nutritional assessment of older people.

Issue 14, November 2001 (page 26)

Oxfam evaluation of Cyclone Sidr response

Summary of evaluation.

Issue 35, March 2009 (page 30)

Partnership and Disaster Response (and Post Script)

Save the Children Fund (SCF UK) has been working in Bangladesh since the Bhola cyclone of 1970.

Issue 6, February 1999 (page 12)

Postscript to 'Outbreak of micronutrient deficiency disease'. By Emma Naylor, Oxfam GB

WFP Kenya would like to address some of the points made in the article entitled, “Outbreak of micronutrient deficiency disease: Did we respond appropriately?” by Dianne Stevens et al. of Save the Children (UK).

Issue 12, April 2001 (page 18)

Postscript to 'Reconstruction in Bosnia'

In 1996, nearly 60% of all households in B&H were receiving humanitarian food. By January 1997, this figure had decreased, but an impressive 45% of the population was still included in free food distributions.

Issue 3, January 1998 (page 25)

Project on humanitarian principles and practice for food distribution in conflict

Research in progress.

Issue 9, March 2000 (page 4)

Promoting Good Nutrition and Food Security in the Gaza Strip

The Gaza strip lies on the Mediterranean Coast between Egypt and Israel. It has an area of 360 square kilometres and just under one million (Palestinian) inhabitants, over 50% of whom are under 15 years of age.

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 12)

Reconstruction in Bosnia: Implications for Food Security and the Future of Food Aid

Images of weeping women being evicted from their homes, strutting commanders victoriously entering yet another devastated village, and UN 'peacekeepers' arguing with obstinate soldiers to try to assure the safe passage of humanitarian aid, bombarded us from our TV screens for four long years of war in Bosnia. .

Issue 3, January 1998 (page 23)

Resources on food aid targeting in emergencies


Issue 8, November 1999 (page 30)

Resourcing Targeting (Special Supplement 1)

Agencies deciding to implement food aid targeting in emergencies often face constraints on targeting design.

Supplement 1, July 2004 (page 26)

Review of targeting methods in HIV programmes

Action Against Hunger (ACF) recently conducted a review of methods of targeting within HIV programmes.

Issue 32, January 2008 (page 5)

Self-Targeting in Ambon, Indonesia “To be or not to be community minded”

This article shares some of ACF’s recent experiences in food distribution in Indonesia which, in particular, raises some interesting issues on self-targeting strategies in conflict affected areas.

Issue 17, November 2002 (page 24)

Setting objectives (Special Supplement 1)

The objectives of a targeting system arise from the definition of need (Section 1). Given a definition of need, the objective should describe who should get how much food aid, when and why.

Supplement 1, July 2004 (page 9)

Socio-Cultural Determinants of Food Sharing in Southern Sudan

This field article explores the socio-cultural determinants of food sharing amongst the Dinka of Southern Sudan and explores the implications for humanitarian programming.

Issue 32, January 2008 (page 22)

Southern Sudan Vulnerability Study

Published Report.

Issue 6, February 1999 (page 9)

Special Focus on Targeting

The recent spate of reports and articles on targeting emergency food aid shows the resurgence of interest in this subject.

Issue 8, November 1999 (page 3)

Sphere standards in Bangladesh flood response

Summary of research.

Issue 18, March 2003 (page 3)

Summary of the Oxfam Review of Bangladesh flood response

Between July and October last year Bangladesh suffered severe flooding regarded as the worst in living memory: two-thirds of Bangladesh was affected resulting in widespread disruption and damage to homesteads and crops.

Issue 8, November 1999 (page 26)

Supplementary feeding in Zimbabwe

Summary of research.

Issue 18, March 2003 (page 9)

Supplementation Programmes for Pregnant and Lactating Women.

In emergencies, a marginal or deficient diet for a pregnant or lactating woman has repercussions not only for her own health, but also for the health of the unborn, and the young infant.

Issue 7, July 1999 (page 6)

Taking the politics out of resource allocation: the Kenya experience

For many decades, the main basis for emergency food aid geographic targeting decisions taken by the Government of Kenya (GoK) has been district requests.

Issue 14, November 2001 (page 8)

Targeted Food Distribution to Women and Children in Northern Afghanistan

This article describes the impact of a food distribution programme targeting households of malnourished women and children in northern Afghanistan.

Issue 20, November 2003 (page 22)

Targeting Emergency Food Aid – Experiences in Ethiopia

Summary of a Published Paper.

Issue 6, February 1999 (page 10)

Targeting in complex emergencies: the cases of Somalia and Columbia

Summary of case studies.

Issue 35, March 2009 (page 13)

Targeting the Vulnerable in Emergency Situations: Who is Vulnerable?

Summary of Published Paper.

Issue 2, August 1997 (page 16)

Task Force Review

Summary of a Report by SPLM/SRRA–OLS.

Issue 6, February 1999 (page 28)

The practical implications of using z-scores: Concern's experience in Angola

In children the three most commonly used anthropometric indices are weight for height, height for age and weight for age.

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 6)

Three Ingredients of Success: Targeting Food Assistance in Western Kenya

WFP supports a project, Nutrition and Care of the People Affected by HIV/AIDS, implemented by the Government of Kenya, NGOs and community based organisations (CBOs), in Busia district in Western Kenya.

Issue 25, May 2005 (page 40)

Universal appreciation for women’s involvement in food aid

Summary of a report.

Issue 13, August 2001 (page 22)

WFP HIV/AIDS Programming in Malawi

This article was written based on a WFP consultation to Malawi in February 2005.

Issue 25, May 2005 (page 34)

WFP intervention in Bosnia Herzegovina '92 - '97

An internal evaluation.

Issue 5, October 1998 (page 24)

WFP Monitoring and Evaluation of HIV/AIDS Programming in Malawi

This article was written based on a WFP consultation to Malawi in February 2005.

Issue 25, May 2005 (page 43)