Category: Vulnerable populations

Aid Continues to Ignore Host Communities

Summary of published paper.

Issue 9, March 2000 (page 4)

Angular stomatitis and riboflavin status

Summary of published paper.

Issue 18, March 2003 (page 8)

Caring for Unaccompanied Children under Difficult Circumstances

Generally, emergency interventions are conceptualised as having an impact on nutritional status through a combination of strengthening food security, health service provision and providing or supporting caring practices.

Issue 4, June 1998 (page 4)

Community Based Targeting in Myanmar

A key component of the WFP programme in Myanmar has been community based targeting (CBT) as part of the vulnerable group feeding (VGF).

Issue 26, November 2005 (page 26)

Completing the Jigsaw Puzzle: Joint Assessment Missions (JAM)

Food security continues to be a challenging and often elusive possibility for many of the almost 2 million camp-based refugees worldwide.

Issue 40, February 2011 (page 50)

Concern’s Initial Response to the Kosovo Crisis

The Kosovo crisis and its deluge of refugees to neighbouring states have probably filled more television screens and newspaper column inches per day than any other political crisis of which refugees were a major part.

Issue 7, July 1999 (page 14)

Documenting the humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan (2001)


Issue 14, November 2001 (page 16)

Feeding the unborn babies

The summary below is based upon a near final draft of the new MSF guidelines.1 The guidelines may therefore undergo some revision before publication. Furthermore, it should be noted that certain important aspects of these draft guidelines do not conform with other currently employed guidelines (Eds).

Issue 12, April 2001 (page 26)

Fighting long-term nutritional deprivation among the Sarahawi refugees

Summary of report.

Issue 14, November 2001 (page 15)

Food security in Eritrea and Ethiopia

Summary of published research.

Issue 27, March 2006 (page 7)

Fortified maize meal improves vitamin A and iron status in refugees

Summary of published field trial.

Issue 33, June 2008 (page 8)

Fresh food vouchers for refugees in Kenya

This article outlines an intervention by ACF in Dadaab to improve the nutritional intake and dietary diversity of the refugee population of Dadaab, Kenya, through a complementary food voucher scheme targeted at malnourished children.

Issue 36, July 2009 (page 20)

Household Food Economy Assessment in Kakuma Refugee Camp

Over the past five years SCF UK have been working on a research programme to develop a famine early warning tool called Risk Mapping.

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 9)

Humanitarian financing for older people and people with disabilities

Arecent study quantifies the funding provided by donors to meet the humanitarian needs of two of the most vulnerable groups: older people and people with disabilities. It does so by analysing the amount of humanitarian funding targeted at these two groups through the UN Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) and Flash Appeals in 2010 and 2011.

Issue 44, December 2012 (page 16)

Impact of Food Delays on Refugees

Between 1995 and 1997, Ikafe and Imvepi settlements in Arua District, North Uganda, accommodated around 55,000 refugees from Southern Sudan. The long term objective of both refugee programmes was to move towards self-reliance within a period of 5 years.

Issue 2, August 1997 (page 10)

Income generation in Guinea Conakry (Special Supplement 3)

Since the 1990s, Liberia, Sierra Leone and later on the Ivory Coast, have been embroiled in conflict. This has led to a mass exodus of refugees to neighbouring countries, particularly Guinea, which has received 150,000 people.

Supplement 3, March 2006 (page 33)

India, 'the Silent Emergency'

Cynically it is unfortunate that the "hunger " problem in India is not primarily one of mass starvation which would attract international attention but rather one of widespread state of malnutrition which has been so common for years that it leaves the International community indifferent.

Issue 4, June 1998 (page 23)

Iron and vitamin A deficiency in African refugees

Summary of published research.

Issue 28, July 2006 (page 7)

Iron Pots: Not all Good News!

Summary of Published Letter.

Issue 9, March 2000 (page 3)

Joint WFP/UNHCR evaluation of Kenyan refugee programme

In 1998, UNICEF initiated a supplementary feeding program for pregnant women in the Kigoma/Kagera refugee program of Western Tanzania.

Issue 12, April 2001 (page 25)

Kakuma Revisited

I would like to comment on the article "Household Food Economy Assessment in Kakuma Refugee Camp" (Field Exchange, Issue 1, May 97).

Issue 3, January 1998 (page 20)

Letter on older people, nutrition and emergencies, by Yvonne Grellety and Michael Golden (with response by Vanessa Tilstone)

We refer to the Article by Vanessa Tilstone “Older people, Nutrition and emergencies in Ethiopia” (issue number 14, November 2001).

Issue 15, April 2002 (page 10)

Livestock Feeding Support as Drought Response

Summary of research.

Issue 32, January 2008 (page 9)

Low rate of low birthweight in refugee camps in Nepal

Summary of research.

Issue 37, November 2009 (page 13)

Management and co-ordination problems of refugee programmes in Kigoma - A familiar tale?

The upsurge of violence in Eastern Zaire towards the end of 1996 led to an influx of Zairian refugees into the Kigoma area of Tanzania.

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 20)

Maternal depression and infant growth – review of recent evidence

recent paper reviews the research over the last 10 years investigating whether there is an association between maternal depression and infant growth impairment.

Issue 34, October 2008 (page 36)

Maternal micronutrient status and decreased infant growth

Summary of published research.

Issue 27, March 2006 (page 12)

Methodology for a Nutritional Survey among the nomadic population of northern Mali

Acción contra el Hambre España (ACFE) has been working in Gao and Kidal, two regions in northern Mali, since 1996.

Issue 33, June 2008 (page 15)

Micro-credit in refugee situations

Summary of published research.

Issue 35, March 2009 (page 12)

Milk Matters: Improving Health and Nutritional Status of Children in Pastoralist Communities

The authors examine the role of milk in the diets of children in pastoralist communities in Ethiopia, including the links between seasonal availability of milk with child nutritional status and priority interventions to address this.

Issue 38, April 2010 (page 10)

Minimum standards in post-emergency phase

Summary of online published paper.

Issue 18, March 2003 (page 9)

Needs of host population versus refugees in Tanzania

Summary of published presentation.

Issue 17, November 2002 (page 12)

Needs of older people in tsunami response

According to a recent HelpAge report, the tsunami relief effort, following the Indian ocean earthquake on December 26th 2005, did not take into account the special needs of older people in the initial phase.

Issue 27, March 2006 (page 20)

New method for assessing acute malnutrition in nomadic pastoralist populations

This article describes a new survey method for assessing acute malnutrition in nomadic pastoralist populations, including a case study from Mali.

Issue 35, March 2009 (page 31)

Nutrition and baseline survey of older people in three refugee camps in Dadaab

This short summary of the findings of a nutrition survey conducted by HelpAge International in a refugee population in Kenya lend support to two other pieces in the research section of this issue of Field Exchange where lack of funding for older people caught up in humanitarian crises as well and neglect of the needs of older people amongst displaced populations are highlighted. (Ed).

Issue 44, December 2012 (page 19)

Nutrition Programming in the Southern Africa Emergency

Summary of unpublished report.

Issue 23, November 2004 (page 6)

Oxfam’s Somaliland-Ethiopia Cross Border Drought Preparedness Project

Oxfam’s Somaliland-Ethiopia Cross Border Drought Preparedness Project is implemented as a component of Oxfam GB’s 15-year regional pastoral initiative that covers six countries in the Horn and East Africa.

Issue 40, February 2011 (page 14)

Philippine Nutrition Cluster’s battle for the best: the breast

The Philippines lies along the typhoon belt of the Western Pacific, making it prone to various hydro-meteorological hazards.

Issue 34, October 2008 (page 38)

Policy lessons from Malawi

Summary of report.

Issue 18, March 2003 (page 4)

Postscript to 'Fresh food vouchers for refugees in Kenya'

During the period 2006 through the present, CARE, UNHCR, GTZ, IRC, NCCK and other partners have worked in an interagency collaboration (the Dadaab IYCF Team) to provide support for improved infant and young child feeding (IYCF) in the Dadaab Camps.

Issue 36, July 2009 (page 23)

Postscript to 'Responding to the food crisis in Zaire'

This article serves to both construct a chronology of events in and around Kisangani between May and September 1997 and a socio-political analysis of those events. Having read the article we would like to add further information.

Issue 3, January 1998 (page 14)

Refugee Participation in Camp Health Services

Summary of published report.

Issue 22, July 2004 (page 6)

Refugee perceptions of quality of healthcare

The findings of a participatory assessment of Burundian and Rwandan refugee perceptions of the quality of health services in camps in Ngara, Tanzania is reported in a recent article in Disasters.

Issue 27, March 2006 (page 11)

Responding to the crisis in Congo-Zaire: emergency feeding of Rwandan refugees, May-July 1997


Issue 3, January 1998 (page 22)

Revisiting Sphere: new standards of service delivery for new trends in protracted displacement

Summary of research.

Issue 41, August 2011 (page 18)

Rhino Camp, Uganda: A Refugee Perspective

Late last year, nutritionist Grace Abu, visited the Rhino Refugee camp in Northern Uganda for a two day period to see family and friends.

Issue 5, October 1998 (page 16)

Sale of Food Aid as Sign of Distress not Excess

Summary of Published Paper.

Issue 4, June 1998 (page 6)

Sales of food aid as sign of distress, not excess

We find Mr. Gettier’s letter concerning our article, “Sales of food aid as sign of distress, not excess” (Field Exchange Issue 4), distressing.

Issue 6, February 1999 (page 21)

Seasonal Trends in Pastoral Malnutrition in Somalia

The Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) is a project managed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (UN-FAO).

Issue 41, August 2011 (page 63)

Selective Feeding Programme Evaluation in Nyapara, Bangladesh.

Summary of Internal MSF Holland Evaluation.

Issue 4, June 1998 (page 28)

The Collection of Early Warning Information Through Community Resource People – A Case Study from the Red Sea State

We have been working as field monitors on the Oxfam Community Situation Indicator (CSI) project in the Red Sea State (RSS) for over four years.

Issue 7, July 1999 (page 16)

The impact of displacement on older people

A recent report shines the spotlight on the experience of displacement for older people in an effort to increase understanding of its particular characteristics. Entitled, The Neglected Generation, it draws primarily on contexts of internal displacement rather than refugee contexts. Nevertheless, the findings and policy recommendations are applicable to both refugees and IDPs.

Issue 44, December 2012 (page 18)

The reality of research in emergencies

Having spent the last few years working as a field nutritionist with an NGO and with a background in paediatric dietetics, the opportunity to carry out some infant feeding research was my picture of the perfect job.

Issue 9, March 2000 (page 12)

The Role of Women in Food Management

Over 200000 Rwandan refugees crossed the border into Tanzania in a 24 hour period following the tragic genocide in early 1994. Refugees walked through Rosomo Bridge to Ngara district which is 20 kms away from the border.

Issue 3, January 1998 (page 18)

The use and acceptability of micronutrient enriched foods

Emergency general rations supplied by the international aid community have frequently failed to supply adequate amounts of micro- nutrients for refugees and Internally Displaced People (IDP).

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 11)

Thiamin Deficiency and Malaria in Adults from Southeast Asia

Published Paper.

Issue 7, July 1999 (page 9)

Towards the Overdue Elimination of Deficiency Disease Epidemics

Nutritional deficiency epidemics are all highly predictable. Softwares are now available to flag nutrients missing in a ration, making epidemic prediction easy. Indeed, there is no excuse for being taken by surprise by a deficiency disease epidemic.

Issue 21, March 2004 (page 14)

Vulnerability Mapping in Urban Afghanistan

This article describes vulnerability mapping carried out by ACF in Kabul, and how it has been used to inform programming and tailor interventions in the field.

Issue 22, July 2004 (page 20)

Water, water everywhere but... The ‘98 Bangladeshi Floods

During the last two weeks of August 1998 it hardly rained in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh.

Issue 7, July 1999 (page 22)

WFP Evaluation of Liberia programme

WFP recently commissioned an evaluation of the 1990- 1995 'period of WFP emergency operations in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea and Cote dIvoire.

Issue 1, May 1997 (page 19)