Category: Emergencies

A market analysis and subsequent interventions following floods in the south-east of Haiti (2004) (Special Supplement 3)

In June 2004 continuous rains were at the origin of large landslides and floods in the South East of Haiti, which cause loss of human lives, and destruction of houses, and infrastructures.

Supplement 3, March 2006 (page 41)

A Market Support Programme to Address an Urban Food Crisis in Zimbabwe

It is extremely difficult to address urban food emergencies through traditional general ration programmes. The logistic and targeting challenges are particularly daunting. The market support programme described in this article demonstrates an alternative type of intervention which circumvents many of these difficulties. This type of programme may also be suited to certain rural contexts and may offer a model for future programming (Ed).

Issue 23, November 2004 (page 3)

A Time to Rethink the Global Food Regime

Summary of published paper.

Issue 34, October 2008 (page 26)

AAH in Tajikistan: a flexible response based on analysing the causes of malnutrition

Tajikistan is the most land locked country in the world. The country covers 143,100 km2, an area approximately equivalent to the size of Greece.

Issue 14, November 2001 (page 19)

Afghanistan: who is to blame?

“If you look at the past year or so, you could blame the Taliban, but you must look to the roots of the crisis” - Anuradha Mittall, Institute for Food and Development Policy, based in Washington.

Issue 14, November 2001 (page 11)

Bangwe Home Based Care Project in Malawi

Summary of published research.

Issue 25, May 2005 (page 10)

Barriers to resilience: chronic poverty, climate change and disasters in the southwest of Bangladesh

This assessment was conducted by Solidarités International in partnership with local NGO, Uttaran. The article was compiled by the authors, thanks to Julie Mayans, Food Security and Livelihoods Technical Advisor at Solidarités International for her support in the process.

Issue 45, May 2013 (page 47)

BMI: A Strong and Independent Predictor of Survival in HIV

Summary of published research.

Issue 25, May 2005 (page 9)

Call for strategic US approach to the global food crisis

Summary of report.

Issue 35, March 2009 (page 8)

Cash grants and cash for work in Sri Lanka (Special Supplement 3)

Following the devastating tsunami in the Indian Ocean on 26th December 2005, Oxfam GB scaled up its activities in Sri Lanka and opened an office in the southern province of the country.

Supplement 3, March 2006 (page 31)

Cash transfers protecting dietary diversity during food crisis

Summary of working paper.

Issue 41, August 2011 (page 19)

Child survival during the 2002-2003 drought in Ethiopia

Summary of published research.

Issue 29, December 2006 (page 9)

Climate change causing deaths worldwide

A report from the Global Humanitarian Forum asserts that more than 300,000 people are dying each year and millions more endure ill health as a result of climate change.

Issue 37, November 2009 (page 24)

Climate Changeas a driver of humanitarian crisis and response

Tufts University has recently published a paper which explores the relationships between climate change, humanitarian crises and humanitarian response through a review of published and grey literature.

Issue 44, December 2012 (page 13)

Cost of the Diet – novel approach to estimate affordability of a nutritious diet

This article provides an overview of a novel method developed by Save the Children UK to calculate the cost of an ideal diet, with results from two case studies and a discussion of the limitations to the approach and intended next steps for its development.

Issue 34, October 2008 (page 21)

Crop failure in Dalocha, Ethiopia: a Participatory Emergency Response:

Howell. P (1998), Disasters, Volume 22, No 1, March 1998, pp57-76 The following is a summary of a paper recently published in Disasters. The views expressed are those of the author. .

Issue 4, June 1998 (page 7)

Currency devaluation impact on nutritional status in Brazzaville, Congo

Summary of Published paper.

Issue 10, July 2000 (page 5)

Difficulties of impact assessment in ‘semi-emergencies’

Save the Children UK (SC UK) is currently involved in trying to assess the level of impact and cost-effectiveness of different interventions designed to reduce rates of chronic malnutrition in a number of countries, including Somalia,Vietnam and Ethiopia.

Issue 27, March 2006 (page 22)

Distribution of WFP food aid in West Darfur

Summary of research.

Issue 38, April 2010 (page 7)

Documenting the humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan (2001)


Issue 14, November 2001 (page 16)

DPRK in Crisis, What Do We Know?

This overview of the current situation in the DPRK and its context, was researched and written for Field Exchange by Killian Forde with editorial assistance from Lola Gostelow (formerly Nathanail) SCF (UK) and Anna Taylor, Sphere Project. The provision by agencies of information and resources used to construct this article is gratefully acknowledged. Reports and other source materials used to write this piece are available from the ENN.

Issue 3, January 1998 (page 10)

Effect of Displacement on Growth of Children in Nigeria

Summary of published paper.

Issue 22, July 2004 (page 7)

Effect of food prices on household food security and malnutrition

Summary of report.

Issue 36, July 2009 (page 7)

Emergency food-based programming in urban settings

Summary of published research.

Issue 35, March 2009 (page 14)

Ethiopia’s Chronic Vulnerability Index

Summary of published research.

Issue 36, July 2009 (page 11)

Experience-based measure of household food insecurity

Summary of published research.

Issue 28, July 2006 (page 6)

Famine Avoided Despite Drought and ‘Zud’ in Mongolia

Summary of published paper.

Issue 20, November 2003 (page 9)

Famine in North Korea: Markets, Aid and Reform

Summary of book review.

Issue 32, January 2008 (page 8)

Feasibility of private micro flood insurance provision in Bangladesh

Summary of research.

Issue 41, August 2011 (page 16)

Food insecurity and child malnutrition in North Bangladesh

This article describes the experiences of a Swiss-based NGO, Tdh Fondation, on maternal and child nutrition programming in Bangladesh, and their observations around the impact of the food price crisis.

Issue 36, July 2009 (page 28)

Fresh food vouchers for refugees in Kenya

This article outlines an intervention by ACF in Dadaab to improve the nutritional intake and dietary diversity of the refugee population of Dadaab, Kenya, through a complementary food voucher scheme targeted at malnourished children.

Issue 36, July 2009 (page 20)

From emergency food aid to sustainable food security: 10 years of agricultural recovery in Afghanistan

Afghanistan is a country of breathtaking beauty inhabited by poets and warriors.

Issue 15, April 2002 (page 7)

Giving voice to silent emergencies

Summary of editorial.

Issue 16, August 2002 (page 5)

Global food price crisis: lessons and ideas for relief planners and managers

Summary of published research.

Issue 35, March 2009 (page 9)

Global Prices, Local Diets: Reflections on repeated food price spikes and Undernutrition

Summary of review.

Issue 45, May 2013 (page 37)

Has financial speculation in food commodity markets increased food prices?

In recent months, prices of rice, wheat, corn, palm oil and other essential staples have increased dramatically, leading to much debate about “the end of cheap food”.

Issue 34, October 2008 (page 28)

Hidden Famine in Madagascar

Summary of published paper.

Issue 20, November 2003 (page 11)

History of nutritional status and Concern’s response in Dessie Zuria woreda, Ethiopia

Dessie Zuria is one of 21 woredas (districts) in South Wollo Zone of Amhara Region, Northern Ethiopia. The nutrition situation in Dessie Zuria has remained at ‘serious’ levels for the past 10 years, with the global acute malnutrition (GAM) rate only once dropping below 10% (cut off advised by Ethiopian guidelines to classify an emergency situation) in 2004 in the presence of an emergency feeding programme.

Issue 40, February 2011 (page 44)

Household threat of escalating food prices and recovery policies

Summary of working paper.

Issue 41, August 2011 (page 18)

Humanitarian Aspects of The Indian Ocean Catastrophe

The Humanitarian Policy Group has produced a briefing note covering some of the humanitarian aspects of the Indian Ocean catastrophe.

Issue 24, March 2005 (page 14)

Impact of drought and HIV/AIDS on child malnutrition

Summary of published research.

Issue 27, March 2006 (page 6)

Improved surveillance prevents excess mortality: the Gode experience

Summary of published paper.

Issue 14, November 2001 (page 6)

Industry: unlikely players in emergency food distribution

The destruction brought by the violence of Hurricane Mitch from October 26-27th of l998 has been well documented. No country was harder hit than Honduras, a nation of 5.8 million.

Issue 10, July 2000 (page 19)

Infant feeding in tsunami affected villages in India

Summary of published research.

Issue 29, December 2006 (page 10)

Interpreting mortality data in emergencies

The Humanitarian Practice Network (HPN) have published a network paper on ‘interpreting and using mortality data in humanitarian emergencies – a primer for non-epidemiologists’.

Issue 27, March 2006 (page 9)

Lessons from the humanitarian response

Summary of unpublished paper.

Issue 16, August 2002 (page 3)

Lessons Learned From Complex Emergencies

Published paper.

Issue 24, March 2005 (page 7)

Lessons learnt from the 1998 Bangladesh floods

Bangladesh experienced the worst flood of the century between July - October 1998. Some 30 million persons were affected by the crisis.

Issue 11, December 2000 (page 19)

Linking relief and development programming in Wajir, Kenya (Special Supplement 3)

In the early to mid-1990s, Oxfam developed a one programme approach that combined relief, development and advocacy.

Supplement 3, March 2006 (page 59)

Market analysis and humanitarian action in Niger

Summary of published research.

Issue 32, January 2008 (page 8)

Maternal micronutrient status and decreased infant growth

Summary of published research.

Issue 27, March 2006 (page 12)

Measuring Hunger in the Russian Federation

Summary of published paper.

Issue 6, February 1999 (page 8)

Measuring the Impact of Humanitarian Aid

Summary of published paper.

Issue 23, November 2004 (page 6)

Mortality in Somalia during food insecurity and famine (2010-2012)

The report summarised below on mortality rates during the Somali famine of 2010-12 casts a long shadow over the effectiveness of humanitarian response systems. An online blog written by Andy Seal and Rob Bailey is appended as a form of post-script as it raises a critical political dimension to the Somalia famine which has not been a significant part of the discourse since these events and warrants urgent further discussion in the context of future complex emergencies (Ed).

Issue 45, May 2013 (page 4)

Needs Assessment and Decision Making in Emergencies

Summary of published report.

Issue 21, March 2004 (page 8)

New Classification Tool Integrating Food Security and Humanitarian Action

A new tool has been developed at the Food Security Analysis Unit ( FSAU) to harmonise and improve the rigour of classifying and providing early warning of various stages of food security and humanitarian situations.

Issue 28, July 2006 (page 15)

Nutrition causal analysis: planning and credible advocacy

This article outlines some of the key components of nutrition casual analysis, and describes how this assessment method was successfully used to provide a multi-sectoral overview of factors affecting nutritional status within an urban community in Kenya.

Issue 18, March 2003 (page 24)

Nutrition Survey in the DPRK

Two previous articles in Field Exchange focused on the food emergency in DPRK.

Issue 6, February 1999 (page 14)

Nutritional Risk Factors in Older Refugees

Summary of published paper.

Issue 21, March 2004 (page 8)

Nutritional status and handgrip strength in older refugees

Summary of research.

Issue 18, March 2003 (page 5)

One hundred years of famine – a pause for reflection

As the millennium draws to a close, memories of the appalling man-made famine in southern Sudan last year are hard to erase.

Issue 8, November 1999 (page 20)

Outbreak of micronutrient deficiency disease: did we respond appropriately?

Oxfam Great Britain has been working in Kenya since the 1960s, and in Wajir District since the 1980s, implementing relief and long-term development programmes.

Issue 12, April 2001 (page 15)

Oxfam evaluation of Cyclone Sidr response

Summary of evaluation.

Issue 35, March 2009 (page 30)

Oxfam’s Somaliland-Ethiopia Cross Border Drought Preparedness Project

Oxfam’s Somaliland-Ethiopia Cross Border Drought Preparedness Project is implemented as a component of Oxfam GB’s 15-year regional pastoral initiative that covers six countries in the Horn and East Africa.

Issue 40, February 2011 (page 14)

Participatory study of impact of global crises on the poor

Summary of published research.

Issue 37, November 2009 (page 7)

Partnership and Disaster Response (and Post Script)

Save the Children Fund (SCF UK) has been working in Bangladesh since the Bhola cyclone of 1970.

Issue 6, February 1999 (page 12)

Policy lessons from Malawi

Summary of report.

Issue 18, March 2003 (page 4)

Postscript to 'Infant feeding in tsunami affected villages in India'


Issue 29, December 2006 (page 10)

Postscript to 'Outbreak of micronutrient deficiency disease'. By Emma Naylor, Oxfam GB

WFP Kenya would like to address some of the points made in the article entitled, “Outbreak of micronutrient deficiency disease: Did we respond appropriately?” by Dianne Stevens et al. of Save the Children (UK).

Issue 12, April 2001 (page 18)

Public Nutrition in Complex Emergencies

Published paper.

Issue 24, March 2005 (page 7)

Rapid impact on malnutrition through a multi-faceted programme in Wolayita, Southern Ethiopia

Most people have heard of the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention - known as CDC.

Issue 12, April 2001 (page 19)

Real time evaluation of Pakistan Flood Response

Summary of evaluation.

Issue 32, January 2008 (page 26)

Responding to early warnings

Summary of published research.

Issue 29, December 2006 (page 8)

Responding to the crisis in Congo-Zaire: emergency feeding of Rwandan refugees, May-July 1997


Issue 3, January 1998 (page 22)

Retrospective determination of whether famine existed in Niger

Summary of published research.

Issue 35, March 2009 (page 10)

Revisiting Sphere: new standards of service delivery for new trends in protracted displacement

Summary of research.

Issue 41, August 2011 (page 18)

SC UK’s experiences with Central Emergency Response Funds (CERF)

Summary of evaluation report.

Issue 33, June 2008 (page 29)

Scaling up CMAM in the wake of 2010 floods in Pakistan

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world (>180 million in 2011), the second largest Muslim population after Indonesia and has wide diversity in terms of culture, ethnicity, language, geography and climate. Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of four provinces and four federal territories.

Issue 43, July 2012 (page 67)

Simple tools for measuring household food access and dietary diversity

Summary of international workshop.

Issue 31, September 2007 (page 15)

Sphere standards in Bangladesh flood response

Summary of research.

Issue 18, March 2003 (page 3)

Sudan in Crisis

Some people and organisations are questioning the severity of the situation in South Sudan. As an organisation working in 7 locations in Bahr-El-Gazal, Médecins Sans Frontières confirms that the population is facing a dire situation.

Issue 5, October 1998 (page 25)

Summary of the Oxfam Review of Bangladesh flood response

Between July and October last year Bangladesh suffered severe flooding regarded as the worst in living memory: two-thirds of Bangladesh was affected resulting in widespread disruption and damage to homesteads and crops.

Issue 8, November 1999 (page 26)

Supplementary Feeding in Mandera: The Right Intervention?

Central Mandera is located in northeastern Kenya, 2 km west of Somalia and 5 km south of the Ethiopian border.

Issue 6, February 1999 (page 26)

SWP-CPN Pilot Study on Humanitarian Assistance

In recent years the nature of emergencies have changed so that the vast majority of humanitarian crises are now acknowledged to be conflict related. These emergencies are often described as 'complex' emergencies.

Issue 4, June 1998 (page 18)

Targeted Food Distribution to Women and Children in Northern Afghanistan

This article describes the impact of a food distribution programme targeting households of malnourished women and children in northern Afghanistan.

Issue 20, November 2003 (page 22)

The Changing Role of Aid Policy in Protracted Crises

Published paper.

Issue 24, March 2005 (page 9)

The danger of interpreting anthropometric data out of context

The Concern programme in North Eastern Afghanistan (in non-Taliban held areas) has been operational since 1998 in two provinces Badakshan with a population of 842,702 and Takhar with a population of 883,910.

Issue 14, November 2001 (page 22)

The impact of cattle eradication in Northern Botswana

Summary of published paper.

Issue 15, April 2002 (page 3)

The impact of displacement on older people

A recent report shines the spotlight on the experience of displacement for older people in an effort to increase understanding of its particular characteristics. Entitled, The Neglected Generation, it draws primarily on contexts of internal displacement rather than refugee contexts. Nevertheless, the findings and policy recommendations are applicable to both refugees and IDPs.

Issue 44, December 2012 (page 18)

The limits of human starvation

Summary of published paper.

Issue 15, April 2002 (page 5)

The Psychology of Food Riots: Why do price hikes lead to unrest?

Summary of research.

Issue 41, August 2011 (page 17)

The Triple Threat: Southern Africa’s emergency behind the emergency

Recent news reports of war-stricken Darfur and drought-stricken East Africa have shocked the world with images of skin-and-bones hunger victims and the dessicated corpses of cattle.

Issue 29, December 2006 (page 15)

Top 10 underreported crises in 2006

According to Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), the impact of tuberculosis and the devastation caused by wars in the Central African Republic (CAR) and Chechnya are among the top 10 most under-reported medical emergencies of 2006.

Issue 30, April 2007 (page 17)

Treatment of undernutrition in urban Brazil

In Brazil, 6% of children aged less than 5 years suffer from height-forage (HAZ) deficit, while the prevalence of this condition is higher (8.2%) among the poorest sector of the population. Moreover, the prevalence of HAZ and weight-for-age (WAZ) deficits among children in the 5-9 years age range is 6.8% and 4.1% respectively.

Issue 44, December 2012 (page 30)

Triggers, Early Warning and Response in FFP Assistance

Summary of research.

Issue 32, January 2008 (page 11)

Unified United Nations response to the global food price challenge

On 29 April 2008, a press release detailed a unified United Nations (UN) response to the recent dramatic escalation in food prices that is unfolding as a worldwide crisis. .

Issue 33, June 2008 (page 20)

US and Canadian responses to global food crisis

In response to the global food crisis, a press release on 1 May 2008 detailed a call by President Bush to the US Congress to provide an additional $770million to support food aid and development programmes.

Issue 33, June 2008 (page 19)

Use of cash in the tsunami response

As part of its Cash Learning Project, the Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG) at the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is undertaking research into the use of cash in the tsunami response.

Issue 27, March 2006 (page 6)

Webpage from the World Bank on the Food Price Crisis

As concerns grow over the emerging food crisis across the globe, the World Bank has created a page to inform the general public about their coordinated efforts to combat this growing problem.

Issue 33, June 2008 (page 18)

Weighing scales for young infants: a survey of relief workers

Infants under 6 months are particularly vulnerable in emergencies, usually as a result of inappropriate feeding practices. Interventions to prevent and treat infant malnutrition in emergencies depend on an accurate assessment of infant nutritional status and a prerequisite to weighing is an effective set of weighing scales.

Issue 29, December 2006 (page 12)